Highlights of the Phlegrean Peninsula: Pozzuoli

The city of Pozzuoli originated as a Greek colony. The origin of the city dates back to 194 BC. It lies on the gulf of Naples and it is adjacent to the Phlegrean Fields. Below are photos of my day tour that introduced me to the historical highlights of the Phlegrean Peninsula: the city of Pozzuoli.

Phlegrean Fields

The city is located in the center of Campi Flegrei. The area has a smell of sulfur because of the shallow volcanic crater that emits steam and fumes.  This super volcano area contains 24 craters and volcanic edifices where most lie under the water. The Solfatara crater is the mythological home of Vulcan, the Roman God of fire.

The City of Pozzuoli

Pozzuli is the main city of the Phegrean Peninsula. The main sources of commerce here is the fishing industry along with eateries. The city is also notable for the pozzolana, the local volcanic sand. This sand was an ingredient in the first concrete, as it reacted chemically with water to form a strong mortar. The internationally known actress Sophia Loren grew up in the city of Pozzuli.

Macellum of Pozzuoli

The Macellum of Pozzuoli is also known as the Temple of Serpis. In 1750 a statue of Serapis was discovered here and as a result the area was at first mistaken for a temple. This location was a marketplace and the heart of Pozzuoli. The three main columns show the erosion from marine molluscs when years ago, the round level was lower because of bradyseism.

The Flavian Amphitheatre

Pozzouli has the Flavian Amphitheater. It is the third largest amphitheater after the Roman Colosseum and Capuan Amphitheater in Capua. This amphitheater was built by the same architects as the Roman Colosseum.   A private tour of the amphitheater with an expert guide can be arranged through Trinus Company

I am thankful to Trinus Company for hosting me on this tour of historical highlights of the Phlegrean Peninsula: the city of Pozzuoli.

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